Under sin første uges uges tid underskrev præsident Donald Trump en række kontroversielle forretningsordrer. En af dem, som genindfører “global gag rule”, blokkerer amerikanske midler til en udenlandsk organisation, der leverer abort eller endda tilbyder oplysninger om aborter. It is controversial not only because experts say that it will have a negative impact on millions of women and girls around the world, but because the president was photographed, the orders signed only by men. For weeks later came a similar image on social media [above], but this time a woman, Swedish Deputy Prime Minister and Climate Minister, Isabella Lövin, was sitting before an official document flanked by a group of female colleagues. She signed a bill for making Sweden carbon neutral in 2045, as it addressed the issue of climate change, something the American president has called a hoax invented by the Chinese in order to make US production un competitive..
This powerful image inspired us to look at some of the women who work to create positive changes in the political area. This is not a list of the most powerful women in the government, nor is it exhaustive. It serves only as an introduction to some of the women around the world who actively promote women’s rights, protect the climate, stand up for the disposed of or merely positive role models. In honor of the International Women’s Day, whose theme this year is to achieve gender equality by 2030, we present 13 female politicians, you must know.
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Roberto Serra – Iguana Press / Getty
Laura Boldrini, præsident for Italiens deputeredekammer
The Italian parliamentarian is on a mission to issue hate questions on social media. She is one of many remarkable women who face a constant barrier of misogynistic insults online, some threatening violence. One reason is that she says false news and disinformation, as she told BuzzFeed News “… if it’s driven by merit or as political propaganda, it’s all too often an anchamber at hate.” She noted the thin line between online and offline violence, referring to the murder in June of June by British Labor MP Jo Cox, who was shot and stabbed by a constituent of links to neo-Nazi groups. Boldrini has launched a public awareness campaign and wrote an open letter to Facebook Mark Zuckerberg, who challenges him to tackle the problem.
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Michael A. Schwarz / parkfor58 / Facebook
Park Cannon, statsrepræsentant for Georgiens Husdistrikt 58
The new state representative ran for the office to counter the lack of diversity in the state capital. “[Kvinder] udgør 54 procent af statens befolkning endnu er kun 18 procent af de valgte embedsmænd,” siger hun på sin officielle hjemmeside. “Statistikken der involverer afroamerikanske kvinder er endnu værre.” Som en af kun åbenlyst LGBT-lovgivere i Georgiens hus er Park en mester for HBT-rettigheder. Hun har co-sponsoreret lovgivning, der forhindrer private skoler, der modtager statsmidler, til at diskriminere potentielle medarbejdere eller studerende på grundlag af seksuel orientering. She is a member of Georgia’s Black Caucus fighting to ensure that the LGBT community has the same opportunities for housing and employment as everyone else has because, as she told Atlanta Voice, “HBT rights are inextricably linked with civil and human liberties.”
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Gregory Rec / Portland Press Herald
Susan Collins, USAs senator for Maine
Hun er ikke kun kendt for hendes stærke arbejdsmoral. Collins har aldrig gået missed one vote for her 20 years in the office – but for her efforts to reach the hallway and work with her democratic colleagues. Kollineret “den virkelige republikanske maverick” af den data-drevne political blog FiveThirtyEight.com, has a record of breaking her party on issues that protect women’s reproductive rights and LGBT rights. Hun har været en vokal kritiker af præsident Trumps indvandringsbekendtgørelse og udsteder en erklæring om, at “religiøs test ikke tjener noget nyttigt formål i indvandringsprocessen og strider mod vores amerikanske værdier.” Og senest opfordrede hun sin ven og kollega, advokat General Jeff Sessions, til at genbruge sig fra justitsministeriets undersøgelse af Ruslands engagement i præsidentvalget.
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Ted Aljibe / AFP
Leila de Lima, senator på Filippinerne
Since June last year, when Rodrigo Duterte became president of the Philippines, at least 3,600 people have been killed by the police or vigilantes in a vicious war on drugs, according to human rights groups. One of Dutert’s strongest critics is the Senator de Lima, who has promised to maintain the rule of law in the Philippines and investigate these extrajudicial killings. As a reaction, the presidents have allegedly accused the senator of being involved in drug trafficking and arrested her last week in what seems to be a politically motivated attempt to silence her. De Lima issued a statement saying, “If they think that by catching me, I will turn their backs against my principles, they are mistaken. Instead, they have called me more to pursue truth and justice.”
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Rebecca Hammel / Courtesy af Kirsten Gillibrand
Kirsten Gillibrand, USAs senator for New York
For the eight years, she has served as senator, Gillibrand has proved to be a strong advocate of women’s rights and other progressive causes, fighting for equality, paid family law and protection against domestic violence and sexual assault, whether it is on a universitetscampus or the US military service. Senatoren lancerede også en bevægelse kaldet Off the Sidelines for at encouraging girls and women to talk about and fight for the reasons they care about and even consider driving for political office.
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Zoltan Mathe / MTI
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, præsident for Mauritius
Mauritius ‘første kvindepræsident er en biodiversitetsforsker, der fremmer investeringer i videnskab og teknologi i Afrika til at bygge bro over kløften mellem udviklede og udviklingslande. Adressering til en konference for Royal Academy of Engineering, sagde Gurib-Fakim, på hendes mål er at tilskynde flere piger til at studere videnskab og teknologi. It is important to abandon the old thinking that only “soft” items are suitable for girls, but at a more practical level, schools must also provide appropriate sanitation facilities as it is common for girls to stay home five days a month when they har deres perioder.
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Christophe Morin / IP3
Anne Hidalgo, borgmester i Paris
I 2014, when she was chosen as the city’s first women’s mayor, Hidalgo said that her first rules of procedure were to tackle social inequalities by creating more affordable housing throughout the city, not only in the banlieans. Som indvandrer fra Spanien (she came to France with her parents in the age of 2) she grew up in public housing in an immigrant neighborhood in Lyon and saw inequalities at first hand. Hendes andet mål at opnå social paritet? Combat pollution by limiting the use of cars in the city and creating more space for pedestrians. Madame La Maire – hun slår det rette masculine ord til borgmester, “le maire” – ønsker at gøre al offentlig transport i byen elektrisk i 2030, og alle offentlige bygninger er energieffektive inden 2050.
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William Moree / Courtesy af Pramila Jayapal
Pramila Jayapal, USAs repræsentant for Washingtons 7. kongresdistrikt
Som en reaktion på eskalering af hadforbrydelser og diskriminerende praksis mod indvandreregrupper efter den 11. september etablerede den amerikanske amerikanske advokatorganisation Hate Free Zone, nu OneAmerica, som hjalp over 20.000 nye borgere til at stemme for at stemme. As a member of the State Senate in Washington, she continued to fight for civil rights, but branched to advocate for other issues such as paid sick leave and a living minimum wage for workers. In November, Jayapal was elected to the United States Representative House, the first Indian-American woman to serve in that role, and recently co-sponsored a bill to ban religiously-based prohibition as President Trump’s Executive Order, which she believes is unconstitutional.
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Johannes Eisele / AFP
Fawzia Koofi, medlem af Afghanistans nationalforsamling
Born in Afghanistan until one with seven wives was Koofi, the 19th 23th, the first girl in her family to go to school, so that girls have equal access to education is one reason close to her heart. Da talibanerne fell in 2001, she was part of a campaign to get girls back to school and later served as child protection officer for UNICEF. In 2005 she was the first woman elected to the lower house in Afghanistan’s new parliament, and despite several murders and ongoing threats to death, she continues to fight for women’s rights, especially working to ratify a law that will help protect women mod vold, underjordisk ægteskab og polygamisk ægteskab.
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REUTERS / Gary Camero / Alamy
Safak Pavey, medlem af Tyrkiets Grand National Assembly
Jeg er et land, hvor folk stadig hænger familiemedlemmer med handicap som en kilde til skam, has Turkey’s first handicapped woman in Parliament been an unremitting advocate for the physically handicapped. Hun er også aktiv for at fremme kvinders rettigheder, LGBT-samfundet og etniske og religiøse minoriteter, der har tjent hende til en International Women of Courage Award i 2012, udstedt af US State Department til glæde for kvinder, der har demonstreret lederskab og viljen til på ofre for andre. I 2014 she was appointed secretary for the year to promote secularism and human rights, especially at the time of extraordinary political and religious upheaval in the Middle East. Sagde Terry Sanderson, præsident for det nationale sekulære samfund: “Not only is Safak in the midst of this titanic struggle between secularism and authoritarian religion, she always looks at the rights and needs of others.”
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Arenda Oomen / Hollandske regering
Lilianne Ploumen, den nederlandske minister for udenrigshandel og udviklingssamarbejde
En af præsident Trumps første handlinger var at genindføre “global gag rule”, som ifølge Bill og Melinda Gates vil have en negativ indvirkning på millioner af kvinder og piger, da de programmer, der skæres, hjælper med at forebygge og behandle HIV, malaria, and Zika-virus as well as offer other life-saving health care, family planning and sex education. Som svar herpå lancerede Ploumen She Decides, et globalt initiativ til rejse de anslåede 600 millioner dollars, der var nødvendige for at opretholde støtte til de familieplanlægningsprogrammer, der var berørt af gag-reglen. The Dutch government has panted 10.7 million dollars and has secured funds from up to 19 other countries. I januar fortalte hun Formynderen, “Det handler også om millioner af kvinder og piger, der ofte ikke stemmer eller bor i lande, hvor demokratiet er mindre dybt rodfæstet, og når de talar op, har de brug for vores støtte.”
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Miguel Medina / AFP
Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, Franks uddannelsesminister
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the French education system is one of the least egalitarian in the world, and Vallaud-Belkacem knows personally how difficult it is for children of working-class families to succeed in France. Born in rural areas in Morocco, she did not speak a French word when she came to Paris suburbs. She focused all her endeavors at school, but some teachers resigned from continuing to pursue higher education. She continued to work to workplaces to go to school and eventually became France’s first female education minister. Hun startede sin mandatperiode ved at indføre reformer for at møde kønsstereotyper i skolerne og fortalte FranceInfo radio, at hun var “forpligtet til ligestilling af drenge og piger mere end noget andet.” As a response to last year’s terrorist attacks, Vallaud-Belkacem is heading back secularism and social values are taught in school so that students no longer feel marginalized for their beliefs.
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Kristian Pohl / Sveriges offentlige kontorer
Margot Wallström, Sveriges udenrigsminister
Hun har lovet at fremme en “feministisk udenrigspolitik” for attaining women around the world equal rights and equal access to resources as well as equal participation in decision making, even when it makes it unpleasant or causing anxiety. In 2015, I criticized the Saudi government for its treatment of women, which may have cost Swedish weapons manufacturers some contracts with the Saudi people, but according to polls, many Swedes recommend themselves to do the right thing. Jeg talte på et offentligt universitet i Tunesien, declared Sweden’s supreme diplomat that women’s rights are human rights.
- 1 Laura Boldrini, præsident for Italiens deputeredekammer
- 2 Park Cannon, statsrepræsentant for Georgiens Husdistrikt 58
- 3 Susan Collins, USAs senator for Maine
- 4 Leila de Lima, senator på Filippinerne
- 5 Kirsten Gillibrand, USAs senator for New York
- 6 Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, præsident for Mauritius
- 7 Anne Hidalgo, borgmester i Paris
- 8 Pramila Jayapal, USAs repræsentant for Washingtons 7. kongresdistrikt
- 9 Fawzia Koofi, medlem af Afghanistans nationalforsamling
- 10 Safak Pavey, medlem af Tyrkiets Grand National Assembly
- 11 Lilianne Ploumen, den nederlandske minister for udenrigshandel og udviklingssamarbejde
- 12 Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, Franks uddannelsesminister
- 13 Margot Wallström, Sveriges udenrigsminister